This is because the resource is always available to be tapped into, unlike with wind or solar energy. A geothermal system uses exactly the same principles as a freezer or refrigerator. Founded Conserve Energy Future with the sole motto of providing helpful information related to our rapidly depleting environment. That steam is then used to spin a turbine located above the ground, which produces electricity for the grid. It is energy sourced through heat omitting from the core of the earth, and is considered clean and sustainable. Some countries have been blessed with great resources – Iceland and Philippines, for instance, meet nearly one-third of their electricity demand with geothermal energy. Reviews on this site do not reflect the views or opinions of SolarReviews or its directors or shareholders, nor an endorsement of any third party company. For a homeowner who is planning to go green, can use a few solar panels that can power the heat pump to draw energy from the earth’s reservoir. Efficiency is rated according to the coefficient of performance, COP for short. Geothermal Energy Pros. Meanwhile, according to the International Renewable Energy Agency, geothermal energy has grown in terms of global usage over the course of the past decade, with geothermal wells, dug miles deep into the Earth, allowing access to st… 1. Pros of geothermal energy: it’s environmentally-friendly, renewable and sustainable, reliable, great for heating and cooling, and has massive potential. The high temperature beneath the earth’s surface can produce an enormous amount of energy that could produce several gigawatts of electricity. Heating and Cooling. Also, the prime destinations are frequently a long way from urban areas, which means that they’re virtually useless when it comes to cities and such. It is friendly to the environment. Everything that deals with geothermal power seems to be really far away from, well, everything that is in and around the area. Geothermal energy as we know it first arose in Italy during the early 20thcentury. As the name implies, geothermal energy refers to types of energy that are generated via thermal sources within the earth. Geothermal Energy is a Renewable source of Energy, Tire Recycling: How To Recycle Tires, Benefits and Ways To Dispose, 4. New innovations are coming out for it all of the time, which means that it will likely be easier to deal with some of the difficulties with the technology as time goes on. It can be used at a large scale (utility-level) to generate electricity, but also at a smaller scale in homes and businesses in order to provide heating and cooling. That said, most geothermal energy is difficult and/or unprofitable to access. The costs are very competitive. Because there is absolutely no mining or transportation-related to the process, which means that there aren’t trucks emitting fumes and gas, which means that the atmosphere is not being as affected by the process. There are also a number of different compounds that go into the air, water, and ground as a result of the process, including sulfur dioxide and silica discharges, both of which can harm the environment if you aren’t careful about it. There is absolutely zero carbon used when it comes to the production of this type of power. Studies show that the reservoirs can be depleted if the fluid is removed faster than replaced. Good geothermal reservoirs are hard to come by. Share 0. Boring into warmed rock is extremely troublesome. A process called hydraulic fracturing is an integral part of building a large scale and efficient geothermal system power plant that can trigger earthquakes. https://greentumble.com/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-geothermal-energy ~ ~ Lindsey Graham. He developed these interests while studying at beautiful Middlebury College, Vermont, which has a strong focus on sustainability. Water use is one of the big concerns because geothermal power uses a lot of water in its processes and such. It can also be manufactured underground. Pros of geothermal energy: Cons of geothermal energy: It is very environment-friendly when compared with other energy sources; producing zero greenhouse gas emissions*: The installation of a geothermal plant requires an investment of up to $7 Million. In other words, geothermal energy is a resource that can sustain its own consumption rate – unlike conventional energy sources such as coal and fossil fuels. Geothermal energy can be obtained at shallower depths in areas with active geology (geysers, volcanoes, hot springs and so on) – as in Iceland. Through sustainable reservoir management, the rate at which energy is extracted will be balanced with its natural recharge rate; Abundant, Consistent, & Predictable Energy Supply. Pros of geothermal energy: it’s environmentally-friendly, renewable and sustainable, reliable, great for heating and cooling, and has massive potential. Further development of our geothermal resources is considered helpful in the fight against global warming. In 2006, the construction of a geothermal power plant in Switzerland triggered an earthquake with a magnitude of 3.4 on the Richter scale. All Rights Reserved . But, thanks to new innovation in the field of technology, geothermal energy has the smallest land footprint of any major energy source in the world. While there are a few polluting aspects of harnessing geothermal energy, these are minor when compared to the pollution associated with conventional fossil fuel sources such as coal and natural gas. (And 7 Ways to Reuse Them). The high temperature beneath the earth’s surface can produce an enormous amount of energy that could produce several gigawatts of electricity. This means there is a lot of scope for additional geothermal energy generation. The carbon footprint of a geothermal power plant is minimal. Sitemap Green Energy – geothermal energy does not produce greenhouse gases during energy generation, unlike fossil fuels for example; Renewable – Geothermal reservoirs are naturally replenished and not finite like fossil fuels. Do not sell my details Considering the fact that it is an alternative and renewable source, nations are trying to research and implement how can it be benefited and what could be the possible drawbacks of geothermal energy. A simple modification is performed in your geothermal system to enable it to deliver hot water that can be stored in your water heater for later use. Please read over this list, then give us a call to discuss any questions or concerns the pros and cons may have raised. The bottom line is this: Geothermal energy is generally regarded as environmentally friendly, sustainable, and reliable. It might prove expensive initially but 30-60% savings on heating and 25-50% savings on cooling can cover that cost within a few years. Learn about the uses of geothermal energy and their history and about their economic and environmental pros … Geothermal provides a reliable source of energy as compared to other renewable resources such as wind and solar power. Geothermal systems with wells use a lot of water, and there are concerns about sulfur dioxide and silica discharge. Geothermal energy is another renewable, mostly green energy source. The sooner we get started with alternative energy sources and recognize that fossil fuels makes us less secure as a nation, and more dangerous as a planet, the better off we’ll be. The result is that less energy is used for heating homes and offices which results in significant savings for homeowners. It is therefore renewable and can be used for roughly another 4-5 billion years. Although most research studies suggest that geothermal reservoirs are permanent, some studies indicate that they can be depleted if the water is extracted faster than it can replenish itself. New innovations that are coming out are basically guaranteed to be able to use lower temperatures in future iterations of the technology as well. 1. 3. We disclaim any liability for any damages or loss arising from your use thereof. He has previously worked in the humanitarian sector — for Doctors Without Borders — and in communications and journalism. The geothermal energy system does not require so much maintenance. (And 7 Ways to Reuse), Are Egg Shells Recyclable? As of now, geothermal energy is quite cost aggressive in a few areas where it is being produced, so you want to keep an eye on how much it is changing the world of energy in the areas where it is located. 2. Traditional heating and cooling systems produce a lot of noise that can irritate you and your neighbors causing unnecessary disagreements. It has the smallest land footprint of any other power source. For an average-sized home, the installation of geothermal heat pumps costs between $10,000 – $20,000 that can pay off itself in another 5-10 years down the line through significant cost savings. (And 9 Ways to Reuse Old Photos), Are Aluminum Cans Recyclable? The heat produced by magma is a massive source of energy, and it can be converted into electricity. Is a Geothermal System Right for Your Home? Realistic estimates for the potential of geothermal power plants vary between 0.035 to 2 TW. Geothermal energy offers the following benefits: 1. (And Are They Compostable? Earthquakes can be triggered due to hydraulic fracturing, which is an intrinsic part of developing enhanced geothermal system (EGS) power plants. The other, easier way to utilize geothermal energy is to use it for heating and cooling. Unless you strongly believe in Elon Musk‘s idea of making Mars as another habitable planet, do remember that there really is no 'Planet B' in this whole universe. Geothermal has become infamous for causing earthquakes as setting up of geothermal power plants can alter the land’s structure. Reliable sources of energy with lasting power, and the technological development to back it, are pretty rare but in this instance it turns out it can be found just under the Earth’s crust. Pros of Geothermal Energy Environmental Friendly Sometimes, you have to deal with some technical difficulties as a result of the way that geothermal power is used. It is a domestic source of energy found throughout the world. Geothermal energy pros and cons should be thoroughly evaluated for the sake of promoting the usage of renewable energy. The reservoirs can also contain traces of toxic heavy metals including mercury, arsenic, and boron. During geothermal extraction, thermal energy produced determines the temperature of the matter informs of heat from the core to the surface. Some geothermal energy cons include high upfront cost, the requirement to be near a geothermal energy source, and the need for water or steam. (And Ways to Dispose of Them), Are Yogurt Cups Recyclable? Geothermal energy is environmentally-friendly. For Installers Also, the whole procedure can clean out sulfur that may have generally been discharged from other processes. Conserve Energy Future. Geothermal energy is extracted from the earth’s core and will be available as long as the earth exists. Geothermal energy is excellent for heating and cooling. Geothermal power plants have a high capacity factor — actual power output is very close to total installed capacity. As previously mentioned, most geothermal resources cannot be utilized in a cost-effective manner, at least not with current technology, level of subsidies, and energy prices. Geothermal energy can be used to generate electricity by drilling underground and tapping into the heat to operate steam turbines on the surface. It is a stable power source. source: Flickr, Unite Eficiencia energetica. That said, the pollution associated with geothermal power is very low, and just a tiny fraction of what we see with coal power and fossil fuels. According to scientists, the energy in our geothermal reservoirs will literally last billions of years. Cons of geothermal energy: generates waste, reservoirs require proper management, it’s location-specific, has high initial cost, and can cause earthquakes in extreme cases. Geothermal energy can also be difficult to access. Geothermal energy is expected to have a significant role in the future. Improper use can also result in a poor distribution of heat. Geothermal energy works by taking advantage of the consistent temperatures just below the earth's surface; removing heat from your home during the summer and supplying heat during the winter. Geothermal reservoirs come from natural resources and are naturally replenished. Judging by how quickly fossil fuel is being spent, quite soon, humanity will need to switch to renewable sources of energy. Geothermal power plants generate small amounts of sulfur dioxide and silica emissions. It provides an ideal alternative source of energy which consequently helps reduce high reliance on foreign fuel markets. Geothermal energy pros include a passive energy source, environmentally friendly, and low operating cost once setup. (And Can You Sell Them? We can predict the power output of a geothermal power plant with remarkable accuracy. Here are some of the *pros* for geothermal energy: It only requires heat from the earth to work, a virtually limitless supply. If geothermal energy is transported long distances by means of hot water (not electricity), significant energy losses have to be taken into account. List of Pros & Cons of Geothermal Energy Production. It operates quietly. As long as the Earth exists, there will be the opportunity to draw from its internal heat. Share 0. Pros. All rights reserved. Technically speaking, geothermal energy is a renewable source of energy that can produce energy as long as the Earth exists. Magma is very hot - hotter even than the surface of the sun. In this article, we’re going to take a closer look at some of the most important pros and cons that are related to using geothermal energy for your home or for your business when it comes to energy. Pros of Geothermal Energy. Geothermal power is sustainable if reservoirs are properly managed. 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