In three months, the centre’s doctors performed 32 abortions on migrants – an increase of more than 200% on the year before. In 2012, an investigation was opened into forced prostitution at Cara di Mineo, after doctors at the centre received a series of requests for abortions. She was wearing a faded denim jacket over a crisp white T-shirt and tight jeans, and six or seven strings of colourful beads were wrapped around her neck. A gold chain hung from her left wrist, a gift from her mother. Those turned down are easy bait for criminal gangs working inside the camps, who get paid for providing mafia groups with illegal cheap labour, running drugs and arms or working in the many industries those groups have infiltrated. Nigerian girls who are trafficked directly to madams in Naples and elsewhere are forced to do sex work to pay off large debts. A cut goes to the recruiter in Nigeria, a cut to the traffickers and smugglers who expedited the women’s journey, and a large portion goes to the Nigerian gang members, who must pay the Naples mafia, the Camorra, or other crime syndicates in whose territories the women will be forced to work. The woman had been told, like Joy, to wait on the street for someone to pick her up. Conzo and his men discovered a huge human-trafficking and drugs-smuggling Nigerian ring in the area of Naples and Castel Volturno. The United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute estimates there are between 8,000 and 10,000 Nigerian women and girls living in Italy who have been forced into prostitution. Victims originate primarily from Nigeria and other African countries, China, and Eastern Europe, and include ethnic Roma. and Italy and exploiting prostitution in Naples. The boulevards and tree-lined streets of the compound were meant to replicate a US suburb, complete with a recreation centre, supermarket, American-style steakhouse and a coffee and pastry shop. Today is National Human Trafficking Awareness Day! There are other incidentals, including room, board, clothing and rent for the space on the pavement from which they solicit sex. A number of people were arrested in … There were a handful of other migrants loitering along the road. “You can’t imagine how many bodies are buried in fields and tied to rocks at the bottom of the river.”. She said she might have to start by cleaning floors, but that she would work her way up. The criminal gang is alleged to have managed the Instead of working for a hairdresser, she fell into the trap set by traffickers who lure women into slavery and prostitution. The farmers call them ragazzo or “boy”, demanding they turn around or show them how straight their backs are. At the time, she was just one of so many young women I saw sliding into the abyss. human trafficking A growing number of Chinese immigrants are being trafficked into Italy to work in inhumane conditions at the country’s garment factories or … following stop-overs in other European countries, and mentored More than 80% of women brought to Europe from Nigeria are unknowingly “sponsored” by sex traffickers who have paid for their journey, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM). “You knew about this. Low-level members of Italy’s various mafia organisations and Nigerian gangs come to the centre to recruit drug mules and petty criminals among the bored, idle men who have given up on the life they dreamed of when they crossed the sea. It was late summer 2016, and the weather was still hot. Trafficked women who disappear to work as sex slaves have little chance of being rescued, because their absence causes no concern. He convinced her to help them catch the people who had trafficked her, and her evidence became key to the operation’s success. I had no idea how to help her. Indeed Italy is one of the principal entry points for the drugs smuggled into Europe for different reasons: ... Cuba (Avana) and Domenican Republic. If we assume half of the estimated 11,000 Nigerian girls who came to Italy in 2016 generated €60,000 each through debt bondage for the madams’ gangs, the profits off those girls alone would top €300m (£264m), even after their travel costs are deducted. 24 of March 2014.63 Forced labour is criminalised under articles 600, 601, and 603 and slavery is criminalised in article 600 and 602, which criminalise placing or holding a person in conditions of slavery or servitude, and the sale and purchase of slavery respectively.64The government has not yet criminalised forced marriage as a distinct crime. Many of those trafficked for sex slavery are assured by their “sponsors” that they will take care of getting the necessary documents for them once they leave the centres. nce Joy was taken off the bus in the reception centre with the other passengers, she was given a bed in a villa with 10 Nigerian women around her age. Verzera’s investigation into criminal activity at the centre turned up inconsistencies in the record-keeping of who was living there. There is no cleaning service other than in the administrative and kitchen areas. In 2014, an investigation known as “Mafia Capitale” found that a criminal group had been running Rome’s municipal government for years. I caught up with Joy by email thanks to a local anti-trafficking advocate in Sicily who took an interest in her case and acted as a liaison with the court. However, the Camorra is interested in human trafficking especially with regard to the prostitution of young girls from Central Africa.” To those living in poverty, unable to get work or integrate with the community they have found themselves in, selling ones soul to organised crime may seem like a … “There are radicalised individuals who attract foreigners in order to incite them to fundamentalism.”. Accommodation blocks are often so overcrowded that people have to sleep on the floor or in tents. Most of them had come to Italy to work in hair salons, and all had contact numbers to call. and monitored by one of their 'seniors'. The alarm about radicalisation overshadowed the fact that criminal groups are recruiting migrants from the camps for forced or low-paid labour. In 2016, Maccarrone, who previously ran the migrant reception centre on the island of Lampedusa, came under criminal investigation for corruption at Cara di Mineo. But often, before they can obtain legal status, they are claimed by the criminal underworld. Joy’s new life would turn out to be nothing like what she had expected. The road that connects the Italian capital of Rome to Naples was first built almost 2,000 years ago. At that time, the complex was completely locked down, and the mostly Tunisian and Moroccan migrants were held until they were repatriated. Gen Giuseppe Governale, chief of the anti-mafia forces, said the centre was a lucrative source of funds for the Calabrian mafia, the ‘Ndrangheta. They started using traffickers to trick them into coming, eventually expanding the trade further north to Italy’s larger cities and into Europe. he complex that houses Cara di Mineo was built in 2005 by the Pizzarotti Company of Parma, which is still the primary contractor for US defence logistics in Italy. In this context, Cara stands for centro di accoglienza per richiedenti asilo, or asylum seekers reception centre; cara also means “dear” in Italian, but Mineo is not a place that makes people who have risked everything for a new chance at life feel cherished. Those with documents were taken to a large tent lined with army cots. Whatever way you want you can support and care for orphan kids education about human trafficking, transitional homes and training for orphans and foster children who have aged out of care. She applied for asylum the morning after she arrived, using her own birth date and the name of her younger sister. It is suspected that they were running an international operation that involved trafficking young girls from Nigeria and forcing them into prostitution in Italy. During the investigation, one of the alleged bosses of the group, Salvatore Buzzi, was caught on a wiretap bragging about how much money he made off the backs of asylum seekers. In 2017, anti-mafia police arrested 68 people, including the local parish priest, in the Calabrian town of Isola di Capo Rizzuto, where one of the country’s largest migrant and refugee reception centres has been in operation for more than a decade. Many of those first prostitutes eventually became madams, controlled by Nigerian drug-smuggling gangs, who had to pay protection money to the Camorra to operate on their territory. Teens believe they escaped a sex trafficking ring after being attacked in Naples, Italy. Since 2015, the country has been coping with an overwhelming flow of migrants, a significant portion of whom are vulnerable to trafficking. Some centres take on more migrants than they can manage, in order to earn extra revenue, so refugees end up living in dangerously overcrowded conditions. After the Americans left, Pizzarotti removed many of the amentities – from washing machines and air-conditioning units to ceiling fans and bathtubs – leaving exposed wires and holes in the walls. Italy has an estimated 1.5 million unregistered workers, who were particularly vulnerable to labor trafficking. The Ministry of Interior is in the plan… Many of the trafficked Nigerian women end up in Castel Volturno, outside Naples, known as the most lawless part of Italy. It is rare to meet a trafficked woman who has not been faced with this choice. Joy asked how she would know who was picking her up. One of those young women was Joy. regional capital. Italy is one of the main destination countries for trafficked men, women and children. Most of them had come to Italy to work in hair salons, and all had contact numbers to call. The conditions are deplorable. Sergio Nazzaro, a local journalist, says it is the Camorra’s graveyard. They are then forced into sex work under the threat of violence, most of them – like Joy – terrorised by a curse that binds them into slavery. Still, dozens of people disappear each month, quickly replaced by new arrivals from Sicily’s ports. The boulevards and tree-lined streets of the compound were meant to replicate a US suburb, complete with a recreation centre, supermarket, American-style steakhouse and a coffee and pastry shop. In March 2007, the Ministry of Interior established a committee designed to improve oversight and prosecution of trafficking and invited NGOs into the policy making process by including their membership on this committee. By law, each migrant awaiting asylum is given an electronic card to check in and out of the centre when making outings. It is a degrading display, made worse by the fact that they are paid a mere fraction of what Italians would be paid for the same work. There are other incidentals, including room, board, clothing and rent for the space on the pavement from which they solicit sex. Most of the villas house 15 to 20 people, sleeping in bunk beds or on mattresses on floors. Ghosts of the centre’s former life remain. The Albanian suspects allegedly maintained close ties with 228 of 11 August 2003 entitled “Measures against trafficking in persons” and on Article 18 of Legislative Decree 286 of 1998 (Immigration law). The women were brought to Italy from Albania, often “Trafficking in Persons”… mean[s] the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another perso… The complex that houses Cara di Mineo was built in 2005 by the Pizzarotti Company of Parma, which is still the primary contractor for US defence logistics in Italy. In 2011, the US navy gave up its $8.5m (£6m) annual lease and returned the property to Pizzarotti. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit foreign victims in Italy. On Friday (November 13), eight migrants of non-EU origin including three minors and one woman were discovered inside the refrigerated compartment of a lorry that was transiting through Italy's southern Campania region near Naples. One woman handed out shoes and flip-flops, and another gave them bruised yellow apples from a large metal tub. fellow countrymen in the event of running ino trouble with She was given €45 (£40) and a phone number to call once she got to Italy – but no name, no address, and no documents. A gold chain hung from her left wrist, a gift from her mother. The fight against trafficking in human beings is one of Italy’s key priorities within the framework of the Italian Presidency of the Council of the European Union. Murder rates are the highest in the country, and locals call it Beirut, or the Bronx. Human trafficking and modern slavery are global issues. Save the Children Italy reported 263 minors were victims of labor exploitation and approximately 2,210 minors were victims of child trafficking, mostly for sexual exploitation, in five of the country’s 20 regions. Every year at Cara di Mineo, on average, 10 migrants die while waiting for their asylum requests to be heard, killed in fights or dying from untreated medical conditions, according to Amnesty International and other aid groups that operate in the centre. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit foreign victims in Italy. It was going to take her straight to Mummy Shade. The documents are another link in the chain that keeps the women trapped in sexual slavery, because the madams threaten to take them away if they try to escape. (ANSA) - Naples, June 30 - Police on Tuesday arrested seven people allegedly involved in human trafficking between Albania and Italy and exploiting prostitution in Naples. She remembered our conversation outside Cara di Mineo. A futher two … I admitted that I hadn’t known exactly what to do. “Just get into the car when it stops.”. Most of the residents are divided by ethnic or religious background, which has done nothing to reduce tensions and fighting. I wished her good luck and gave her my phone number, which she saved in her phone before walking through the sliding metal gate back inside the centre. Most of the trafficked women end up with fake documents provided by Italian organised-crime groups. A cut goes to the recruiter in Nigeria, a cut to the traffickers and smugglers who expedited the women’s journey, and a large portion goes to the Nigerian gang members, who must pay the Naples mafia, the Camorra, or other crime syndicates in whose territories the women will be forced to work. The site was built as luxury housing for US military personnel, but it is ill-equipped to deal with the number of migrants washing up on the shores of Sicily. Joy, a young Nigerian woman, was standing in the street outside the sprawling, overcrowded Cara di Mineo reception centre for asylum seekers in central Sicily, waiting for someone to pick her up when I met her. It can take five years or more of sexual slavery to pay the debts. Most migrants live in another former military residential development, now dilapidated and controlled by the Camorra, who charge rent to squatters and trafficked women. When Joy turned 16, she went through a ceremony that bound her to the maman by a curse: if she disobeyed the maman, her family would die. Once migrants apply for asylum, they can come and go from the centre at designated times, while they wait for word about their application, which can take months. Others are provided with false personal details that they are told to use for their applications. (The investigation is ongoing, and no trial date has been set. In last two sub-routes as one of so many young women I saw sliding into the abyss the,! 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